Jaw joint, muscles, supporting structures (gums and bones) and teeth work in harmony with each other for the function of eating, biting, swallowing, speaking and aesthetics! This dynamic entity of our body is subjected to continuous wear and tear leading to TM joint Disorder (TMD).
Their synchronized working gets disturbed typically during parafunction like clenching and grinding or due to bad bite. Other reasons may include an injury to the jaw joint, emotional stress or arthritis. Sometimes it is self-invited by the patient. Even delay in replacing a single missing tooth or poorly positioned wisdom tooth can invite this serious issue!
If the teeth are missing, worn out or poorly aligned, they can’t come together evenly. This forces the jaw to shift position and the muscles to work harder. We bring our teeth closer thousands of time a day. Repetitive faulty closing of jaw creates constant muscle tension which leads to muscle fatigue, spasm and pain in TM joint.
The symptoms of TMD may include-
- Worn out Teeth
- Painful muscles of the neck, Back and shoulders
- Clicking and popping of the jaw joint
- Pain behind the eyes
- Difficulty in opening and closing mouth
- Ringing ears
- Tingling hands
- Sleep disturbances
A lot of patients take regular Painkillers or antidepressants. Patients often visit to Orthopedics, Physiotherapists, Neurophysicians and sometimes even Psychiatrists but the cause is dental!!! TMD requires multidisciplinary approach and the goal is to bring back the neuromuscular harmony by correcting the bad bite. In many cases, it is necessary to replace or restore every tooth in the mouth using a combination of dental services.
Full mouth rehabilitation is a highly individualized treatment. We at our clinic work in coordination with different dental & auxiliary specialties to achieve an aesthetic, well-functioning and self-maintaining mastication.
Treatment Modalities may include combination of procedures like –
- Inflammation reducing drugs and muscle relaxants
- Stress management
- Soft diet
- Custom bite splint
- Adjust the bite
- Replace missing teeth with ceramic bridges or dental implants
- Crown the teeth
- Align the teeth